DOI links should lead to the publisher’s website. Alternatively, feel free to email me for a copy or download open access versions via University of Warwick’s Research Archive Portal

* Indicates authors who were undergraduate or graduate students when the research was conducted.

  1. *Nightingale, S. J., Wade, K. A., & Watson, D. G. (In press). People of all ages demonstrate a limited ability to distinguish between original and manipulated images. Psychology and Aging. Accepted 1 Mar 2022.
  2. *Spearing, E. R., & Wade, K. A. (In press). Long retention intervals impair the confidence-accuracy relationship for eyewitness recall. Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition. Accepted 24 Nov 2021. (Preprint on PsyArXiv)
  3. Wade, K. A., & Cartwright-Finch, U. (2022). The science of witness memory: Implications for practice and procedure in international arbitration. Journal of International Arbitration, 39, 1-28.  (Preprint on PsyArXiv)
  4. Wade, K. A (2021). ICC Commission Report: The Accuracy of Fact Witness Memory in International Arbitration (April 2021) – Appendix 2: An Experimental Test of the Reliability of Witness Memory in a Business Context. (
  5. *Spearing, E. R., & Wade, K. A. (In press). Providing eyewitness confidence judgements during versus after eyewitness interviews does not affect the confidence-accuracy relationship. Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition. Accepted 22 April 2021. DOI: 10.1016/j.jarmac.2021.04.004
  6. Taylor, A., Sanson, M., Burnell, R., Wade, K. A., & Garry, M. (2020). Disfluent difficulties are not desirable difficulties: The (lack of) Effect of Sans Forgetica on Memory. Memory, 28, 850-857. DOI: 10.1080/09658211.2020.1758726
  7. *Norman, D., Wade, K. A., Williams, M., & Watson, D. G. (2020). Caught virtually lying – crime scenes in virtual reality help to expose suspects’ concealed recognition. Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition, 9, 118-127. DOI: 10.1016/j.jarmac2019.12.008
  8. Otgaar, H., Bücken, C., Bogaard, G., Wade, K. A., Hopwood, A. R., Scoboria, A., & Howe, M. L. (2019). Nonbelieved memories in the False Memory Archive. Journal for Applied Research in Memory and Cognition, 8, 429-438. DOI: 10.1016/j.jarmac.2019.07.003
  9. *Nightingale, S. J., Wade, K. A., Watson, D. G., & Farid, H. (2019). Can people detect errors in shadows and reflections? Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 81, 2917-2943. DOI: 10.3758/s13414-019-01773-w
  10. Ito, H. et al. (2019). Eyewitness memory distortion following co-witness discussion: A replication of Garry, French, Kinzett and Mori (2008) in ten countries. Journal for Applied Research in Memory and Cognition, 8, 68-77. DOI: 10.1016/j.jarmac.2018.09.004
  11. Colloff, M. F., Wade, K. A., Strange, D., & Wixted, J. T. (2018). Filler Siphoning Theory Does Not Predict the Effect of Lineup Fairness on the Ability to Discriminate Innocent from Guilty Suspects: Reply to Smith, Wells, Smalarz, and Lampinen (2017). Psychological Science, 29, 1552-1557. DOI: 10.1177/0956797618786459
  12. Robertson, D. J., Mungall, A., Watson, D. G., Wade, K. A., Nightingale, S., & Butler, S. (2018). Detecting morphed passport photos: A training and individual differences approach. Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications, 3:27. DOI: 10.1186/s41235-018-0113-8
  13. *Sukumar, D., Wade, K. A., & Hodgson, J. (2018). Truth-tellers stand the test of time and contradict evidence less than liars, even months after a crime. Law and Human Behavior, 42, 145-155. DOI: 10.1037/lhb0000278.
  14. Wade, K. A., Nash, R. A., & Lindsay, D. S. (2018). Reasons to Doubt the Reliability of Eyewitness Memory: Commentary on Wixted, Mickes, & Fisher (2018). Perspectives on Psychological Science. 13, 339-342. DOI: 10.1177/1745691618758261
  15. Wade, K. A., Garry, M., & Pezdek, K. (2018). Deconstructing rich false memories of crime: Commentary on Shaw and Porter (2015). Psychological Science, 29, 471-476 DOI: 10.1177/0956797617703667 Open access pre-print.
  16. *Nightingale, S., Wade, K. A., & Watson, D. G. (2017). Can people identify original and manipulated photos of real-world scenes? Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications, 2:30. DOI: 10.1186/s41235-017-0067-2
  17. *Colloff, M. F., Wade, K. A., Wixted, J., & Maylor, E. (2017). A signal-detection analysis of eyewitness identification across the adult lifespan. Psychology and Aging, 32, 243-258. DOI: 10.1037/pag0000168. Open access pre-print.
  18. Scoboria, A., Wade, K. A., Lindsay, D. S., Azad, T., Strange, D., Ost, J., & Hyman, I. (2017). A mega-analysis of memory reports from eight peer-reviewed false memory implantation studies. Memory, 25, 146-163. doi: 10.1080/09658211.2016.1260747.
  19. *Sukumar, D., Hodgson, J. & Wade, K. A. (2017). Behind closed doors: Live observations of current police station disclosure practices and lawyer-client consultations. Criminal Law Review, 900-914. Open access pre-print.
  20. Nash, R. A., Wade, K. A., Garry, M., & Adelman, J. (2017). A robust preference for cheap-and-easy strategies over reliable strategies when verifying personal memories.  Memory, 25, 890-899. doi: 10.1080/09658211.2016.1214280
  21. Nash, R. A., Wade, K. A., Garry, M., Loftus, E. F., & Ost, J. (2017). Misrepresentations and flawed logic about the prevalence of false memories. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 31, 31-33. doi: 10.1002/acp.3265
  22. *Colloff, M. F., Wade, K. A., & Strange, D. (2016). Unfair lineups make witnesses more likely to confuse innocent and guilty suspects. Psychological Science, 27, 1227-1239
  23. *Sukumar, D., Wade, K. A., & Hodgson, J. S. (2016). Strategic disclosure of evidence: Perspectives from Psychology and Law. Psychology, Public Policy and Law, 22, 306-313. doi: /10.1037/law0000092
  24. Wade, K. A., *Nightingale, S., & *Colloff, M. F. (2017). The psychology of photographs and memory. In R. Nash & J. Ost (Eds.). False and distorted memories.
  25. *Sukumar, D., Hodgson, J. S., & Wade, K. A. (2016). How the timing of police evidence disclosure impacts custodial legal advice. International Journal of Evidence and Proof, 20, 200-216. doi: 10.1177/1365712716643548
  26. *Wright, D., Nash, R. A., & Wade. K. A. (2015). Encouraging eyewitnesses to falsely corroborate allegations: Effects of rapport-building and incriminating evidence. Psychology, Crime, and Law. doi: 10.1080/1068316X.2015.1028543
  27. Alogna, V. K., Attaya, M. K., Aucoin, P., Bahnik, S., Birch, S., Birt, A. R., … Zwaan, R. A. (2014). Registered replication report: Schooler & Engstler-Schooler (1990).
    Perspectives on Psychological Science, 9, 556–578. doi: 10.1177/1745691614545653
  28. Wade, K. A., Nash, R. A., & Garry, M. (2014). People consider reliability and cost when verifying their autobiographical memories. Acta Psychologica, 146, 28-34doi: 10.1016/j.actpsy.2013.12.001
  29. *Wright, D., Wade, K. A., & Watson, D. (2013). Delay and Déjà Vu: Timing and Repetition Increase the Power of False Evidence. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 20,  812-818. doi: 10.3758/s13423-013-0398-z
  30. *Badham, S. P., Wade, K. A., *Watts, H. J. E., *Woods, N. G., & Maylor, E. A. (2013). Replicating distinctive facial features in lineups: Identification performance in young versus older adults. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 20, 289-295. doi: 10.3758/s13423-012-0339-2
  31. Anand, S. S., Jhumka, A., & Wade, K. A. (2011). Towards the ordering of events from multiple textual evidence sources. International Journal of Digital Crime and Forensics, 3, 16-34. doi: 10.4018/jdcf.2011040102
  32. McClure, J., Patel, G. J., & Wade, K. A. (2011). Attributions and expectations for the behavior of persons with brain injury: The effect of visibility of injury. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 26, 392-396. doi: 10.1097/HTR.0b013e3181f8fd34
  33. Wade, K. A., Garry, M., Nash, R. A., & Harper, D. (2010). Anchoring effects in the development of false childhood memories. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 17, 66-72. doi: 10.3758/PBR.17.1.66
  34. Wade, K. A., *Green, S., & *Nash, R. A. (2010). Can fabricated evidence induce false eyewitness testimony? Applied Cognitive Psychology, 24, 899-908. doi: 10.1002/acp.1607
  35. *Zarkadi, T., Wade, K. A., & Stewart, N. (2009). Creating fair lineups for suspects with distinctive features. Psychological Science, 20, 1448-1453. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9280.2009.02463.x
  36. *Nash, R. A., Wade, K. A., & *Brewer, R. J. (2009). Why do doctored images distort memory? Consciousness & Cognition, 18, 773-780. doi: 10.1016/j.concog.2009.04.011
  37. *Nash, R. A., Wade, K. A., & Lindsay, D. S. (2009). Digitally manipulating memory: Effects of doctored videos and imagination in distorting beliefs and memories. Memory & Cognition, 37, 414-424. doi: 10.3758/MC.37.4.414
  38. *Nash, R. A., & Wade, K. A. (2009). Innocent but proven guilty: Eliciting internalized false confessions using doctored video evidence. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 23, 624-637. doi: 10.1002/acp.1500
  39. Otgaar, H., Candel, I., Merckelbach, H., & Wade, K. A. (2009). Abducted by a UFO: Prevalence information affects young children’s false memories for an implausible event. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 23, 115-125. doi: 10.1002/acp.1445
  40. Wade, K. A., & Laney, C. (2008). Time to rewrite your autobiography? The Psychologist, 21, 588-592.
  41. Strange, D., Wade, K. A., & Hayne, H. (2008). Creating false memories for events that occurred before versus after the offset of childhood amnesia. Memory, 16, 475-484. doi: 10.1080/09658210802059049
  42. McClure, J., Buchanan, S., McDowall, J., & Wade, K. A. (2008). Attributions for behaviours of persons with brain injury: The role of perceived severity and time since injury. Brain Injury, 22, 639-648. doi: 10.1080/02699050802255585
  43. Gannon, T. A., Gilchrist, E., & Wade, K. A. (2008). Intra-Familial child and adolescent sexual abuse. In C. Hilarski, J. Wodarski, & M. Feit (Eds.). Handbook of Social Work in Child and Adolescent Sexual Abuse. NY: The Haworth Press, Inc.
  44. Wade, K. A., Sharman, S. J., Garry, M., Memon, A., Mazzoni, G., Merckelbach, H., & Loftus, E. F. (2007). False claims about false memory research. Consciousness & Cognition, 16, 18-28. doi: 10.1016/j.concog.2006.07.001
  45. McClure, J., Devlin, M. E., McDowall, J., & Wade, K. A. (2006). Visible markers of brain injury influence attributions for adolescents’ behaviour. Brain Injury, 20, 1029-1035. doi: 10.1080/02699050600909870
  46. Jones, T.C., Bartlett, J. C., & Wade, K. A. (2006). Nonverbal conjunction errors in recognition memory: Support for familiarity but not for feature bundling. Journal of Memory and Language, 55, 138-155. doi: 10.1016/j.jml.2006.01.002
  47. Wade, K. A., & Garry, M. (2005). Strategies for verifying false autobiographical memories. American Journal of Psychology, 118, 587-602. doi: 30039087
  48. Garry, M., & Wade, K. A. (2005). Actually, a picture is worth less than 45 words: Narratives produce more false memories than photographs. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 12, 359-366. doi: 10.3758/BF03196385
  49. Lindsay, D. S., Hagen, L., Read, J. D., Wade, K. A., & Garry, M. (2004). True photographs and false memories. Psychological Science, 15, 149-154. doi: 10.1111/j.0956-7976.2004.01503002.x
  50. Lindsay, D. S., Wade, K. A., Read, J. D., & Hunter, M. A. (2004). Adults’ memories of childhood: Affect, knowing and remembering. Memory, 12, 27-43. doi: 10.1080/09658210244000243
  51. Wade, K. A., Garry, M., Read, J. D., & Lindsay, D. S. (2002). A picture is worth a thousand lies: Using False Photographs to Create False Childhood Memories. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 9, 597-603. doi: 10.3758/BF03196318
  52. Garry, M., Sharman, S. J. Wade, K. A., Hunt, M. J, & Smith, P. (2001). Imagination inflation is a fact, not an artifact: Reply to Pezdek and Eddy. Memory & Cognition, 21,719-729. doi: 10.3758/BF03200474
  • Reprinted in: Mason, M. (2004). Taking sides: Clashing Views on Controversial Issues in Cognitive Science. McGraw-Hil